Children’s Services

1010 Information and Referral

Child Care Resource & Referral

  • -Provides information, child care referrals, to support parents in their search for quality child care. Primary access to quality, nurturing environments. List of child care providers.

Phone: 1-800-292-KIDS (5437)
Address: 7th& Washington Avenue PO Box 159 Montevideo, MN 56265
Fax: (320) 269-6570
Website: www.midwestchildcare.com

1020 Community Education and Prevention
1040 Child Protection Assessment/Intervention
1050 Long Term Care Consolidation (LTCC)
1060 Parent Support Outreach Assessment
1070 Child Welfare Assessment
1080 Family Assessment Response
1090 Concurrent Planning Assessment

1150 Interpreter Services

Southwest MN Private Industries Council

Contact: Wanita Lauritsen, Director
Phone: (320) 269-5561 or (800) 422-1346
Website: www.swmnpic.org

1160 Transportation

Prairie Five Rides
-Services provided for individuals who are on MA and are not on a health plan. Call LQP Family Services at 320-598-7594 24 hours in advance for regional rides.
For Private Pay, Phone: (877) 757-4337 or (320) 598-3900 (direct number to Madison bus)

UCare Health Ride
-Service is available for UCare members. Must be contacted 7-10 days in advance for bus pass.
Phone: (800) 864-2157 or (612) 676-6830

Blue Plus Blue Ride
-Service is available for Blue Plus members. For scheduling purposes, give 2-3 days notice, however same day rides can be arranges in emergency situations.
Phone: (866) 340-8648 or (651) 662-8648

Medica Rides
-Service is available for Medica members. For scheduling purposes, give 2-3
days notice, however same day rides can be arranged in emergency situations.
Phone: (800) 601-1805

1180 Health-Related Services

Countryside Public Health (Lac Qui Parle)
-Offers several public health services to the community, such as WIC, Child & Teen Checkup Outreach, Car Seat Education, Prenatal Education, and Education for new parents. They also offer immunizations, blood pressure checks, pedicures, medication management, and pregnancy tests.
Address: 422 5th Avenue Madison, MN 56256
Phone: (320) 598-7313 or (800) 255-0736 or (320) 598-3125

Red Door Clinic Youth Intervention Program
-Provides free STD/HIV testing as well as birth control for girls ages 12-21.
Address: 525 Portland Avenue 4th Floor Minneapolis MN 55415
Phone: (612) 543-5555
Fax: (612) 596-7900

1190 Court-Related Services and Activities

Some Place Safe
– Someplace Safe provides emergency services and support for victims of violence, and their families. We collaborate with systems professionals to create safe, healthy communities; offers information and resources to individuals utilizing our services. Someplace Safe empowers survivors to live a violence free life. We inspire social change through advocacy, education and awareness.
Address: Ortonville, MN
Phone: (320) 839-2331

Harmony Visitation Center (Shelter House, Inc.)
-Provides a neutral, safe, healthy environment for children and their parents, while promoting the well-being and sense of security for the children and non-violent and cooperative relationships between parents. Some services include supervised visits, semi-supervised visits and monitored exchanges.
Address: 321 SW 5th Street Suite #2 PO Box 568 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 214-0799
Website: http://www.harmonyvisitationcenter.com

New Horizons Crisis Center
-Provides a supervised visitation program that is designed to create a positive, safe, neutral environment where children and their parents can be assured of a safe exchange or visitation with non-residential parents.
Address: 109 South 5th Street Suite 40 Marshall, MN 56258
Phone: (507) 532-5764 or (800) 881-7493
Fax: (507) 532-3628
Main Office E-mail: nhcc@iw.net
Website:

Counseling Associates of West Central MN
-Provides counseling services that range from individuals, groups, families, and couples. No longer provides supervised visitation/exchange programs.
Address: 640 Atlantic Avenue Benson, MN 56215
Phone: (320) 843-3454 or (800) 833-3096
Fax: (320) 843-4692
Website: www.scbh.org/health-care-services/counseling-associates/

1210 Legal Services

Western Minnesota Legal Services
-Free legal help for eligible low-income persons, the elderly, and farmers.
Address: 415 7th Street SW Box 1866 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-9600 or toll free (888) 360-3666
Fax: (320) 235-1030
Website:www.mylegalaid.org/poverty-law/western-mn-legal-services

Central Minnesota Legal Services (Willmar office)
-Provides free legal assistance to eligible individuals.
Address: 415 7th Street SW Suites #1 & 2 Willmar, MN 56201-3246
Phone: (320) 235-7662
New Clients: (800) 622-4011
Fax: (320) 235-9496
Website: www.centralmnlegal.org

Court Administrator
Address: 600 6th Street Madison, MN 56256
Phone: (320) 598-3536

County Attorney Richard G. Stulz
Address: 214 6th Avenue Madison, MN 56256
Phone: (320) 598-7578

Children’s Law Center of MN
Address: 459 N Syndicate St. Suite 315 St. Paul, MN 55104
Phone: (651) 644-4438
Website: www.clcmn.org

1240 Home-Based Support Services
1250 Homemaking Services
1350 Family Support Grant Program
1360 Consumer Support Grant
1390 Educational Assistance
1410 Environmental Accessibility Adaptations, Specialized Supplies and Equipment
1440 Housing Services

1450 Social and Recreational

Camp Buckskin
-Camp Buckskin is an overnight summer camp program that specializes in serving boys and girls ages 6-18 that are experiencing academic and/or social skill difficulties.
Contact: Tom Bauer
Winter Address: 4124 Queble Ave North Suite 300 New Hope, MN 55427
Phone: 952-930-3544
Fax: 952-938-6996
Email: info@campbuckskin.com
Summer Address: PO Box 389, Ely, MN 55731
Phone: (218) 365-2121
Website: www.campbuckskin.com

Kid’s Clubhouse
Address: Dawson Elementary School 563 9th St. Dawson, MN 56232
Phone: (320) 769-4590
Kidstime
Address: Madison Elementary School 316 4th St. W Madison, MN 56256
Phone: (320) 598-7528
1460 Adolescent Life Skills Training

Southwest MN Private Industry Council (Marshall, MN)
Contact: Juanita Lauritsen
Address: 607 W Main Street Marshall, MN 56258
Phone: (507) 537-6987 or (800) 818-9295
Fax: (507) 537-6997
Website: www.swmnpic.org

1470 Independent Living Skills

Lutheran Social Services
1601 US Highway 12 #6
Willmar MN 56201

1550/1560 Individual Counseling/Group Counseling

Woodland Centers

Willmar Office (Main)
Address: 1125 SE 6th Street P. O. Box 787 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: 320-235-4613 or (800) 992-1716
Fax: 320-231-9140
Website: www.woodlandcenters.com

Lac qui Parle County Office
Address: 669 6th Ave, Dawson, MN 56232
Phone: (320) 769-4864

Lutheran Social Services

1580 Approved Pilot Projects
1610 Family-Based Crisis Services

Woodland Centers Mobile Crisis
1125 SE 6th St
Willmar MN 56201
Phone: 800-992-1716

1620 Family-Based Counseling Services
1630 Family-Based Life Management Skills Services
1640 Family Assessment Response Services
1650 Services for Concurrent Permanency Planning

1660 Family Group Decision Making

Community and Family Services, LLC
Address: 1343 Heritage Drive Waite Park, MN 56387
Phone: (320) 230-0900
Fax: (320) 230-0908
Contact: Debbie Kasper, M.S., LPC

1670 Parent Support Outreach Services

Positive Parenting (Countryside Public Health)
Address: 600 6th Street Madison, MN 56256
Phone: (320) 598-7313 or (800) 255-0736
Contact: Nancy Tofte

1710 Child Shelter

Shelter Care- Greater MN Family Services
-Shelter Care provides crisis, shelter, and respite care for youth at a crucial time in their lives. Youth are involved in individual and group therapy. Shelter Care has a two level system to improve social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Placements range from 1 to 6 months.

Director: Jay Bechtle
Address: 513 S.W. 5th Street PO Box 1810 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-3664
Website: http://www.greaterminnesota.org/residential/shelter-care/
Fax: 320-235-1617

Woodland Centers – Crisis Intervention Receiving Center (Rule 8)
-Both youth and adult residential crisis beds serve clients who are in acute distress and require stabilization, evaluation, and appropriate referral into additional outpatient or inpatient care. The youth component is licensed as a Rule 5 facility and the adult component is licensed as a Rule 36 facility.

Willmar Office (Main)
Address: 1125 SE 6th Street P. O. Box 787 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 231-9158 or (320) 432-8781
Main Office: (320) 235-4613
Crisis Hotline: (800) 992-1716
Fax: 320-231-9140
Website: http://www.woodlandcenters.com

Lac qui Parle County Office
Address: 1296 Chestnut Street Dawson, MN 56232
Phone: (320) 769-4864

1800 Treatment Foster Care

Kindred Family Focus
-Nexus Treatment
9766 Fallon Ave NE #107
Monticello MN 55362
Admissions – Phone: 844-921-4079

Lutheran Social Services
-LSS Treatment Foster Care works to give children in transition a safe and supportive place to live. Their goal is to work with the foster family, the child in placement and the family of origin to resolve issues and return the child to his/her home/community.

Coordinator: Amanda Johnson
Address: 1601 HWY 12 E Suite 6 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-4576 or (320) 235-5411
Website: http://www.lssmn.org/foster

PATH
– PATH believes that a family, rather an institution, is the preferred environment for most children who cannot live with their families of origin and who have emotional, behavioral, developmental, or medical needs. Children with special needs who live in PATH foster homes benefit from the expertise of skilled foster parents and social workers.

Address: 409 South 4th Street, MN 56258
Phone: (507) 532-4635
Fax: (507) 532-2757
Website: http://www.pathinc.org/

1810 Child Family Foster Care (as of 09/12/2016)

Randy and Christi Larson Deb and Larry Conness
3846 HWY 75 319 Western Ave
Odessa, MN 56256 Madison, MN 56256
(320) 568-2575 (320) 598-7694

1820 Relative Custody Assistance

1830 Children’s Group Residential Care

Ain Dah Yung—American Indian group home
-Short term extended emergency shelter care for American Indians ages 5-17; alternative school; “Our Home” shelter for the homeless; works on prevention, family issues, and transitional programming.
Address: 1089 Portland Avenue St. Paul MN 55104
Phone: (651) 227-4184
Fax: (651) 224-5136
Website: http://adycenter.org/

Bar-None Residential Treatment Services
-Residential boys and girls ages 7-17 for emotional, behavioral, and/or mental disorders. Emergency shelter, conduct disorders, evaluation programs, behavioral disorders, secure programming.
Address: 22426 St. Francis Blvd. Anoka, MN 55303
Phone: (763) 753-2500
Fax: (763) 753-6529

Booth Brown House Services
-Shelter/Residential for males/females ages 12-17 who are emotionally disturbed. Offers 30 day assessments and pre-placement for foster care.
Address: 1471 Comp Avenue West St. Paul MN 55108
Phone: (651) 646-2601
Fax: (651) 646-1655

Bush Children’s Center
-Residential male/female center for children ages 5-12 with emotional and behavioral difficulties that need high structure.
Address: 180 S Grotto Street St. Paul MN 55105
Phone: (651) 224-1395
Fax: (651) 224-910

Christensen House
-Female’s ages 5-15 with difficulties in school, with peers and with family. Exhibit moderate to severe behavioral problems.
Address: 1128 10th Street East Glencoe, MN 55336
Phone: (320) 864-5540
Fax: (320) 864-5106

Gateway Group Home
-Male juveniles ages 11-18; STEP program
Address: 2600 Arboretum Blvd. Excelsior, MN 55313
Phone: (952) 474-4786
Fax: (952) 474-2563

Gerard Academy
-Treat boys and girls with Co-Morbid Axis I Conditions (DD, ADD, FAS, Autism Disruptive or Impulse-Control Behavior Disorders (IQ 50-70).

Address: PO Box 715 Austin, MN 55912
Phone: (507) 433-1843
Fax: (507) 433-7868

Heartland Girls Ranch
-Heartland Ranch operates a Five-Level program. The Ranch Program provides a supportive, structured environment in which girls’ ages 12 to 21 learn to make responsible choices and become mature young women.

Program Director: Crystal Erickson crystal@heartlandgirlsranch.org
Address: Heartland Girls’ Ranch Hwy 189 Hwy 9 NE Benson, MN 56215
Phone: (320) 843-4815
Fax: (320) 843-5105
Website: http://www.heartlandgirlsranch.org

Holcomb House
-Family center that is community based for children ages 12-17. Residential treatment; co-ed youth from emotional/behavioral difficulties.

Address: 919 Lafond Avenue Building F St. Paul MN 55104
Phone: (651) 642-4092
Fax: (651) 642-4027

ITASKIN Juvenile Center
-Consists of a 26 bed unlocked shelter and residential treatment facility serving males and females ages 0-17. Children under 10 years of age are accepted in the facility if significant behavioral problems are a concern. There is also a shelter program that provides a safe and structure short-term placement for 30 days or less.

Address: 1880 River Road Grand Rapids, MN 55744
Phone: (800) 430-3055

Kids Peace Mesabi Academy
-Intensive residential programs for sex offenders, chemical abuse, and several other different programs. For children ages 5-12. Dual diagnosis program.

Address: 200 Wanless Street Buhl, MN 55713
Phone: (888) 270-5013 or (218) 258-2274
Website: www.kidspeace.org

Leo A. Hoffman Center (Rule 5)
-Offers residential treatment for adolescent male sex offenders, residential treatment for males who are lower functioning, emergency shelter care for adolescent males, 14 or 30 day residential assessments, and outpatient evaluation and treatment.

Address: 1715 Sheppard Drive PO Box 60 St. Peter, MN 56082
Phone: (507) 934-6122
Fax: (507) 934-2594
Website: http://www.hoffmanncenter.org

Life House, Inc.
-Youth center for males and females ages 14-20. Services include advocacy, housing resources, emergency needs, recreation/activities, and teen parent space and education/support groups.

Address: 102 West 1st Street Duluth, MN 55802
Phone: (218) 722-7431
Fax: (218) 722-0850
E-mail: info@life-house.org
Website: http://www.lifehouseduluth.org/

Little Sand Group Homes
-Independent living skills, on-site alternative school; females ages 11-17 and unique individual programming.

Address: 5910 Little Sand Lane NE Remer, MN 56672
Phone: (218) 566-2342
Fax: (218) 566-2341
E-mail: lsgh@means.net
Website: www.littlesandgrouphome.com

Mapletree Group Home for Boys
-Males ages 15-18. All of the boys at Mapletree are on probation, under the supervision of a Minnesota juvenile court, or county social services. Most of the boys have been adjunicated on a delinquency petition and are on probation. Some of the boys are dealing with mental health issues, including ADHS, chemical dependency, depression, conduct or anxiety disorders, sexual behavior issues, or emotional disorders. Mapletree does not accept kids who are DD, MR, or MI.

Address: 2831 Southlawn Drive Maplewood, MN 55109
Phone: (651) 777-7722
Fax: (651) 748-1284
E-mail: mapletreestaff@gmail.com
Website: www.mapletree.org

McCrossan Boys Ranch
-Boys ages 10-18 experiencing difficulties in the home, community, or school. Independent Living Skills Program on site education and ED programs.

Address: 47135 260th Street Sioux Falls SD 57107
Phone: (605) 339-1203
Fax: (605 339-3144
Website: www.mccrossan.org

New Beginnings
-Strives to provide a safe, secure residence for pregnant women and their babies while fostering self-esteem, educational growth and skills of living, parenting, and decision-making in a Christian environment.

Address: 40 North 25th Avenue St. Cloud, MN 56303
Phone: (320) 255-1252 or (877) 974-7174
Fax: (320) 255-1253
Email: info@newbeginningsmn.org
Website: http://www.newbeginningsmn.org

North Homes, Inc.
-Provides numerous programs in the areas of foster care, adoption services, in-home, residential treatment cottage, outpatient chemical dependency services, out-patient mental health services, medication management, fetal alcohol assessment clinic, family group conferencing, Next Step transitional services into adulthood and the ITASKIN Center with a Stabilization Shelter, 35 day evaluation unit and secure detention. Services available in Grand Rapids, Duluth, Bemidji and ND.

Address: (main office) 1880 River Road Grand Rapids, MN 55744
Phone: (888) 430-3055 or (218) 327-3000
Fax: (218) 327-1871
Website: www.northhomesinc.org

Northwoods Children’s Services
Address: 714 W. College Street Duluth, MN 55811
Phone: (218) 724-8815
Contact: Kim Johnson, Director of Admissions
Website: www.northwoodchildren.org

Prairie Lakes Youth Programs (PLYP) Boys Group Home (Rule 8)
-Formerly known as Kandiyohi County Group Boys Home, A boys group home that offers short term respite care, 30, 60, 90 day placements-realizing placements are evaluated every 30 days, and they offer long term placement. Accepts males 12-19.
Address: 1013 Lakeland Drive NE Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 325-6895
Fax: (320) 231-3818
Contact: Sara Duchene, Program Director
Website: http://www.prairielakes.net/boys/

Prairie Lakes Group Programs (PLYP) Girls Group Home (Rule 8)
-Formerly known as Kandiyohi County Girls Group Home. The PLYP Girls Group Home provides a nurturing environment for young women ages 12 to 19 in need of out-of-home placement. We empower young women to identify and evaluate behaviors and issues causing problems in their lives. Then, by utilizing both in-house and community resources, we teach them the skills needed to solve problems assertively and communicate effectively. Our ultimate goal is to reunite clients with their families whenever possible, or to facilitate transition into foster care or independent living.

Address: 822 Park Avenue NW Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 325-6637
Website: http://www.prairielakes.net/girls/

Spencer House
-Males aged 5-14. Offer residential programs for boys experiencing developmental, emotional, or behavioral difficulties and need high structure.

Address: 919 Lafond Ave St. Paul, MN 55105
Phone: (615) 642-4094
Fax: (651) 642-4027

St. Cloud Children’s Home – Catholic Charities (Rule 5)
-Dedicated to helping youth who feel the pressures and pain of abuse, neglect, dependancy, or other stressors, and may respond with anger, violence, self-abusive and/or antisocial behaviors.

Address: 911 18th Street N St. Cloud, MN 56301 (North Campus)
Phone: (320) 650-1550 or (800) 830-8254
Website: http://www.ccstcloud.org/
Fax: (320) 650-1508

St. Joseph’s Home for Children – Residential Treatment Center (Rule 5)
-Provides residential treatment for youth ages 6-17 assessed by a mental health professional as having severe emotional disturbance.

Address: 1121 46th Street E Minneapolis, MN 55407
Phone: 612-204-8250
Steve Webb: 612-827-9321
Referrals: (612) 204-8252
Fax: (612) 827-9321
Website: http://www.ccspm.org/page.aspx?pid=415

Shelter Care- Greater MN Family Services (Rule 8)

Director: Steve Michaud
Address: 513 S.W. 5th Street PO Box 1810 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 214-9692 (Main Office)
Website: http://www.greaterminnesota.org/residential/shelter-care

St. Cloud Group Home – Sheriff’s Youth (Rule 8)
-SYP Group Homes offer comprehensive individual and family assessment, and treatment plans geared toward family reunification. Intensive support and tutoring are used in meeting academic goals and independent living skills. Individual and family support groups and transitional / aftercare services. Youth aged 11-17 with behavioral, emotional or learning disabilities may qualify for this program. Referral must come from the county (no self referrals).

Address: 1101 Washington Memorial Drive, St Cloud, MN 56301
Phone: (320) 259-6764
Fax: (320) 259-9039

St. Joseph’s Home for Children (Rule 8)
-Cares for children in crisis by addressing immediate needs for shelter and stability and offering long-term solutions to emotional and behavioral issues. St. Joseph’s specializes in assessment and crisis intervention and residential programming, especially for children with severe emotional and behavioral problems. Serves children 6-17 years old with serious emotional challenges.

Address: 1121 46th Street E Minneapolis, MN 55407
Phone: 612-204-8250
Fax: 612-827-7954
Referrals: 612-204-8252
Website: http://www.ccspm.org/page.aspx?pid=416

Valley-Lake Boys Home, Inc.
-Residential facility for young males ages 12-18 with severe behavioral problems.

Address: PO Box 411 Breckenridge, MN 56520
Phone: (218) 643-4036
Fax: (218) 643-5226

Woodland Centers Temporary Residence – Over Age 9 & Up to Age 9 (rule 8)

Willmar Office (Main)
Address: 1125 SE 6th Street P. O. Box 787 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-4613 or (800) 992-1716
Fax: (320) 231-9140
Website: www.woodlandcenters.com

Lac qui Parle County Office
Address: 1296 Chestnut Street Dawson, MN 56232
Phone: (320) 769-4864

1850 Correctional Facilities

Prairie Lakes Youth Programs (Secure Detention)
-Prairie Lakes has 22 secure detention beds and 24 secure correctional placement beds. Length of time to be determined by placement county in conjunction with PLYP. Also available 90 to 120 day Out-patient Chemical Dependency program in house

Address: 1808 Civic Center Drive Willmar, MN 56201
Fax: (320) 231-1166
24-Hour: (320) 231-1729
Website: www.prairielakes.net
Detention Referrals: Pam Melander pam@plypsecure.com
Corrections Referrals: Brad Bengtson bradb@plypsecure.com

Bar None
-Locked facility with a residential facility component and mental health clinic.

Address: 22426 Saint Francis Blvd Anoka, MN 55303
Phone: (763) 753-2500
Fax: (763) 753-6529

Chrisholm 30
-Title IV-E eligibility; peer-oriented males and females with an IQ of 80+; ages 12-17; youth displaying conduct or oppositional behaviors.

Address: 4321 Allendale Avenue Duluth MN 55803
Phone: (218) 728-7500
Toll Free: (800) 64-HILLS
Fax: (218) 728-7501
E-mail: mail@woodlandhills.org
Website: http://www.woodlandhills.org/programs/chisholmhouse.aspx

North Homes Inc.-Grand Rapids
Address: 1880 River Road Grand Rapids, MN 55744
Phone: (218) 327-3000
Fax: (218) 327-1871
Website: www.northhomesinc.org

6 West Community Corrections
Address: 1215 Black Oak Avenue Montevideo, MN 56265
Phone: (320) 269-6513

Circle Sentencing
Address: Community Services Building 719 N 7th Street Suite 200
Montevideo MN 56265
Phone: (320) 269-9503
E-mail: circle@charterinternet.com

1860 Detentions

Arrowhead Juvenile Center
-Maximum security for male/female juveniles ages 12-18; post trial detention; pretrial detention, treatment and evaluation, 24 detentions and 24 co-ed secured residential.

Address: 1918 Arlington Ave North Duluth, MN 55811
Phone: (218) 722-7776
Fax: (218) 722-0018
Website: http://www.arrowheadregionalcorrections.org/

Elmore Academy
-Elmore Academy provides residential treatment services for male and female youth, ages 14-19, with an average stay of 6-9 months. The facility also provides short-term programs (30-90 days) for both male and female youth.

Address: 202 E. North Street PO Box 98 Elmore, MN 56027
Phone: (507) 943-3440
Fax: (507) 943-3441
Website: http://elmore.youthservices.com
E-mail: elmore.academy@youthservices.com

Prairie Lakes Youth Program (Non-Secure)
Address: 1804 Civic Center Drive NE PO Box 902 Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-0975
Fax: (320) 214-7067
24-Hour: (320) 231-1729
Website: www.prarielakes.net
Non-Secure Referrals: Jeston Kok jkok@plypns.com

Thistledew Camp (Minnesota Correctional Facility—Togo)
– Thistledew Camp is a Minnesota Department of Corrections Juvenile Facility serving boys thirteen to seventeen years of age. The camp accepts referrals from all counties in Minnesota and works with adjudicated youth and youth-at-risk. Beginning in 2006 Thistledew Camp will be recognized as MCF-TOGO, and programming will be listed as Thistledew.

Address: 62741 County Road 551 – Togo, MN 55723
Phone: (218) 376-4411
Fax: (218) 376-4489
Website: http://www.thistledewprograms.com/

1890 Respite Care
-See 1810 Child Family Foster Care

1910 CAC/CADI/TBI Case Management
1920 Family Assessment Case Management
1930 General Case Management
1940 Relocation Service Coordination (RSC)

1960 Adoptions

Nikki Larson, Case Aide, Lac Qui Parle Family Service Center

1970 Local Collaborative Undifferentiated Services
1980 Licensing and Resource Development